Tackling Scope 3 for Science Based Targets

[Updated] Organisation completing science-based targets (SBTs) often experience challenges throughout the target setting process. Carbon Credentials has helped numerous clients satisfy the requirements set by the Science-Based Target initiative (SBTi) as many find the Scope 3 emissions assessment can often be the most troublesome requirement.

So what are Scope 3 emissions?

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) is the most widely used accounting standard for GHG emissions. In another blog, my colleague Kyna wrote about the use of emission scopes for allocating emissions for investor reporting. The same methodology is also drawn upon by the SBTi to provide the basis for long-term target setting.

This GHG Protocol categorises an organisation’s emissions into three “scopes”.

  • Scope 1 emissions (direct emissions) are defined as emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the organisation. This might include, for example, natural gas combusted in a boiler at a company’s head office.
  • Scope 2 emissions (indirect emissions) are emissions from purchased electricity, heat, steam or cooling consumed by the company, but generated elsewhere.
  • Scope 3 emissions (other indirect emissions) are emissions that occur as a consequence of the operations of the organisation but are not directly owned or controlled by that organisation. For example, emissions from waste generated by a company are defined as Scope 3 emissions.

The GHG Protocol Scope 3 guidance outlines the 15 different Scope 3 categories and each should be assessed in terms of their materiality in order to understand what an organisation should report on. A summary of the three scopes of emissions and their definitions can be seen in the infographic below.

Figure 1 A breakdown of how different emissions are categorised into Scope 1, 2, or 3.

Scope 3 emissions are especially important for organisations because they often make up the largest portion of the overall footprint. The challenge organisations face in quantifying Scope 3 lies in the degree of control they have over these activities and the collection of data associated with them. Paradoxically, the most significant emission reductions can be made by targeting Scope 3 activities. By calculating Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions, an organisation can understand its full climate change impact and prioritise efforts to reduce emissions.

What does the Science-Based Targets initiative require for Scope 3?

Previously, the SBTi only recommended that companies submitting targets undertake a Scope 3 screening, but this is now a requirement of the process. This means that organisations must look at all relevant Scope 3 categories and determine their significance.

The SBTi requires that if Scope 3 emissions make up over 40% of total Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions then the majority of Scope 3 emissions must be included in the target. The “majority” is defined as the top 3 categories or 2/3 of total scope 3 emissions.

In terms of ambition, it is not a requirement that Scope 3 targets are in line with a 2 degrees scenario, but that the targets are challenging and robust. The organisation must demonstrate that their Scope 3 targets are addressing the main sources of GHG emissions within their value chain in line with current best practice.

So how do I begin with setting a target on my Scope 3 emissions?

So far, most organisations have focussed on Scope 1 and 2 emissions and many are not yet even measuring Scope 3. The graph below demonstrates that over twice as many UK CDP respondents are setting Scope 1 & 2 targets versus those companies that are setting Scope 3 targets.

[image] Figure 2 A comparison of the number of UK companies setting Scope 1 and 2 versus Scope 3 targets as reported in CDP 2016.

Figure 2 A comparison of the number of UK companies setting Scope 1 and 2 versus Scope 3 targets as reported in CDP 2016.

It can be difficult to set a target when there is no baseline data to compare against. Subsequently, there is a lot of uncertainty about how to get started on the journey. The process diagram below gives a high-level understanding of the steps to evaluating an organisation’s value chain impacts:

[image] Figure 3 A high-level process diagram demonstrating the steps for understanding Scope 3 emissions.

Figure 3 A high-level process diagram demonstrating the steps for understanding Scope 3 emissions.

The first step in the process is to perform an initial Scope 3 gap analysis. The gap analysis is where organisations can assess current reporting against the 15 Scope 3 emissions categories to determine whether all relevant emission sources are covered. This analysis will allow you to either move on to set your targets or demonstrate that more work must be done in this area.

What should I do next?

If the results of the gap analysis show you haven’t quite analysed everything you need to, firming up the Scope 3 reporting boundary will be of huge benefit and move you along the SBT process. Remember, a central requirement of the SBTi is to demonstrate that you have considered the relevance of emission categories included and can provide a justification for excluding the others.

By evaluating Scope 3 emissions against the GHG Protocol Value Chain criteria, a company can identify which emission sources are truly relevant to their organisation and should, therefore, be included within the target. My colleague Scarlett Benson will describe this process in more detail in the second part of this Scope 3 SBT blog series.

If you would like help understanding your Scope 3 emissions or developing a science-based target, please get in touch with one of our experts here.

Emma Watson, Consultant

[Updated March 2018. Originally posted July 31st 2017]

Congratulations to Taylor Wimpey – Winner of CDP’s Most Improved award for 2017

Carbon Credentials is delighted to announce that Taylor Wimpey has been presented with the 2017 CDP award for Most Improved Water response.

This was the first year that Carbon Credentials supported Taylor Wimpey on their CDP responses for both the Climate Change and Water submissions.

Taylor Wimpey improved its score for Water from a B to an A- (Leadership-level) and maintained its B status in the Climate Change response. Congratulations Taylor Wimpey!

How did Taylor Wimpey achieve Leadership?

The process began with a Gap Analysis of Taylor Wimpey’s previous year’s CDP responses. This scored the submissions against the updated scoring methodology and looked for any gaps in the existing response. The exercise identified areas for improvement and provided Taylor Wimpey with a robust plan for the 2017 disclosure cycle.

The next phase focussed on engaging with the wider business. Carbon Credentials conducted board-level interviews to understand the strategic risks and opportunities facing the business and fed this insight into the responses.

Carbon Credentials’ experts collated emissions and water data for inclusion within the submissions and provided insight and context to any changes identified.

Our clients improved and maintained their market-leading scores in 2017.

In 2017 Carbon Credentials supported 1 in 6 companies achieving Leadership in the UK CDP Climate Change and Water programmes. See how some of our clients improved below.

The CDP submission is changing in 2018.

CDP has announced that in 2018 there will be significant changes to the layout and scope of the submission. The main differences will be:

  • The introduction of sector-specific questions.
  • Incorporation of the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure. Questions will be grouped into the same four categories as the TCFD, including 1) Governance 2) Strategy 3) Risk management and 4) Metrics & targets.
  • An emphasis on scenario analyses and the future of business operations under climate scenarios.

Carbon Credentials is holding an event on the CDP changes in 2018.

Once the new questionnaire has been released we will be holding an event in January that will run through the changes to it and help you understand what the TCFD recommendations mean for your business. If you would like to attend, please register your interest below.

As an accredited CDP partner, we are perfectly positioned to help you understand your CDP score and use this reporting framework as a tool to drive action and performance improvements across your organisation.

If you would like to know more about our CDP services please get in touch.


Kesi Courtman, Senior Analyst


Register your interest for the 2018 CDP event

CDP results 2017: how did you do?

The CDP results have just been announced and this year our clients have done better than ever before.

As an accredited CDP partner, Carbon Credentials has supported over 20 businesses to produce their climate change disclosure this year.

These disclosures are increasingly important as a means for investors to judge the future risk of their investments and for organisations to effectively communicate the action they are taking to address climate change issues.

Congratulations to those that participated, see how our clients performed below!

CDP Scores in 2017

Our clients have been nominated for CDP awards

We’re delighted to announce that this year two of our clients have been nominated for CDP awards for both Climate Change and Water questionnaires.

Congratulations to Kennedy Wilson on being nominated for the ‘Best first time responder’ for their very first CDP Climate Change response. In 2017 we also started working with Taylor Wimpey on their response. Congratulations to them on being nominated for the ‘Best year on year improvement’ for their Water response. We wish the best of luck to both companies.

What were the changes to the CDP in 2017?

In 2017 there were changes to the CDP scoring methodology. For the first time, points were available for having carbon reduction targets approved by the Science Based Target initiative and organisations were able to report emissions not only on the traditional location-based method, but also on the updated GHG Protocol ‘market-based’ method. This second reported figure takes into account electricity procured through low carbon tariffs or generated from renewables.

How is the CDP changing in 2018?

Carbon Credentials contributed to the consultation on the reimagining of the CDP’s Climate Change, Water and Forest questionnaires. This gave us vital insight into the upcoming changes to the 2018 CDP questionnaires.

CDP has announced in 2018 that there will be significant changes to the layout and scope of the submission. The main differences will be:

  • The introduction of sector-specific questions.
  • Incorporation of the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure. Questions will be grouped into the same four categories as the TCFD, including: 1) Governance 2) Strategy 3) Risk management and 4) Metrics & targets.
  • An emphasis on scenario analyses and the future of business operations under climate scenarios.

CDP Scoring Methodology released in December 2018

The new guidance will be released before the New Year and the New Scoring methodology will come along in early 2018 – which doesn’t leave much time until the June 2018 deadline!

We will be holding an event in January once the questionnaire has been released to run through the changes to the questionnaire and help you understand what the TCFD recommendations mean for your business. If you would like to attend, please register your interest below.

As an accredited CDP partner, we are perfectly positioned to help you understand your CDP score and use this reporting framework as a tool to drive action and performance improvements across your organisation.

Register your interest in the event here

To register your interest in the event, please fill out your details below. We will send you the details for the event when they are released.


From Theory to Practice: Our Latest Science-Based Target Event

For our latest event, 50 professionals working in the diverse field of corporate sustainability joined us in the RSA’s Great Room in London to learn about science-based targets (SBTs). With speakers from CDP, The Crown Estate, and Tesco, this event promised to be a unique opportunity to listen, talk, and discuss the journey from theory to practice in setting ambitious science-based targets.

In May, Tesco became the first organisation in the world to align its SBT with keeping global warming below 1.5°C. As Tesco’s partner in helping them identify and set this ambitious SBT, we are incredibly proud of the outcome and are excited about the interest this commitment generated. We are grateful to have had the opportunity in this event to shed light on the SBT journey so that others can follow in Tesco’s footsteps.

Setting the Scene

Only 32 organisations in Europe (and 58 in the world) currently have an approved SBT from the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) while hundreds of others have formally committed to setting one. With many of these organisations represented in the room, this was an amazing opportunity for people to meet like-minded professionals and share best practices from one another.

Paul Lewis opening the event, Science-Based Targets: from theory to practice

Paul Lewis, Carbon Credentials COO setting the scene and speaking to Carbon Credentials’ purpose “to enable a global, low-carbon economy”, at the opening of the science-based targets event

From Theory to Practice

The three speakers spent their time discussing their approach, challenges, and critical success factors in their journey to setting an SBT.

A regular theme of the event was the barriers to getting one’s company on board with SBTs. Special emphasis was placed on the importance of engaging not only with senior leaders and the board, but also other colleagues in the business who will have to implement the measures needed to enact an SBT.

One should also allow for flexibility and clear re-baselining methods to accommodate changes in business plans. It is important to communicate this to your colleagues and give room for growth and change. In doing so you will give greater confidence that your targets are achievable.

Difficulties in the Process – Mid-Journey and in Hindsight

Another highlight of the event was how SBTs are a way to build resilience in an organisation. Taking steps now to adapt to, and mitigate, climate change allows you to act proactively rather than reactively, reducing the associated risks.

Christina Downend, Climate Change Manager from Tesco discussing the challenges Tesco faced including setting a target on Scope 3 emissions, which account for over 80% of Tesco’s emissions.

During the event, it was clear that delegates saw setting a target on Scope 3 emissions as a key challenge. Understanding the materiality and relevance of Scope 3 emission categories, collecting data, and exploring the opportunities for reducing Scope 3 emissions were all referenced as a core challenge during the event.

However, it’s clear that the ambition from delegates was to use science-based targets as a lever to engage on this topic and to gain visibility on Scope 3 emissions.

Impassioned Debate and Discussion

To supplement the presentations, workshop sessions were held to discuss the opportunities and challenges that committing to an SBT will deliver to an organisation. A lot of great discussions and answers came from this and some of the challenges identified were:

  • Scope 3: difficult to quantify and when quantified, seemingly difficult to impact.
  • Business motivation: understanding senior management and co-worker motivations to get the correct level of buy-in.
  • Unknown future: fear of the unknown preventing long-term planning and commitments, such as legalities, changes in the business, and acquisitions and mergers.
  • Educating the business: understanding the extent of the problem, gaining company-wide support and buy-in, and demonstrating return on investment.

Delegates discussing the challenges and opportunities associated with committing to a science-based target.

To balance the challenges, opportunities that committing to an SBT would provide were also discussed in detail:

  • Added market valuation: committing will drive innovation and reform across the business, leading to efficiencies and reduced operating costs.
  • Market leadership: the reputational impact of being a leader here is huge when engaging both internally with employees, and externally with suppliers and customers.
  • Longer-term perspective: a commitment to climate change risk management will improve resilience and create a clear business plan for investor confidence.
  • Faster savings: the earlier a commitment is made, the sooner savings can be made.

The panel discussing internal and external challenges delegates face in setting a motivational science-based target

To close out the event, a panel Q&A was held with the three speakers and Will Jenkins, Senior Consultant at Carbon Credentials. The main points reiterated were:

  1. Just how important understanding senior management’s business motivations are when considering SBTs and looking for executive level buy-in.
  2. Scope 3 is complex and is a challenge for everyone. But don’t give up – given time and the correct tools, it is possible for everyone to calculate their impact and gain visibility on their Scope 3 emissions to set ambitious targets.
  3. Get your decision makers, influencers, and colleagues across the business on-board early. These are the people who will be delivering the organisational changes when your SBT is approved and put into motion. It will be harder to make progress without them being excited and committed to SBTs.

Going Forward and Setting Your Own Ambitious Science-Based Targets

Overall it was a successful and highly enjoyable event and, going by the feedback scores, most people left having learnt a lot about SBTs. This event showed delegates that many of their peers are in very similar situations and gave confidence that overcoming perceived barriers is possible.

If you wish to know more about the work Carbon Credentials did in partnership with Tesco to push for their groundbreaking SBTs, and our ongoing work with The Crown Estate, please read our case studies for Tesco here and The Crown Estate here.

If you would like to talk to one of our consultants about how Carbon Credentials could support your organisation in setting its own ambitious science based target, then please get in contact with us directly here.

We very much look forward to hearing back from you.

Ben Michaud, Event Operations


Why ISO 50001 and why now?

ISO 50001 is an international standard, published in 2011, which sets out the requirements for implementing an energy management system (EnMS). It enables organisations to establish and embed systems and processes necessary to continually improve energy performance.

Why ISO 50001?

ISO 50001 is based on the Plan, Do, Check, Act methodology underpinning other ISO management systems, with a focus on identifying your significant energy use and opportunities to reduce consumption and improve efficiency. There is also a strong focus on demonstrating compliance with energy legislation relevant to your organisation.

Key to the success of an ISO 50001 management system is demonstrating continual improvement in energy performance and you will be measured against this during your certification cycles. But what does this actually mean?

According to the Standard, energy performance is:

“A measurable result related to energy efficiency, energy use and energy consumption.”

Whilst this definition can seem somewhat ambiguous, it is important to understand that it is you that defines Energy Performance and how your organisation will achieve improvement. ISO 50001 is not designed to limit the growth of your organisation, but to enable growth in an efficient and considered way.

Therefore, an improvement in energy performance can range from year-on-year absolute reduction in energy use through to an improvement in energy efficiency relative to total turnover, floor area or another similar performance indicator.

Why Now?

Each year, the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) releases statistics on total management system certification, including those for ISO 50001. In 2015 there was a total of 11,985 ISO 50001 certificates, with the UK accounting for approximately 12% of these.

Furthermore, the data shows that the UK has seen an exponential growth in ISO 50001 certification since its introduction in 2011 and it is clear from the work Carbon Credentials is doing that this trend is continuing in 2017.

One key driver for growth in UK certification in 2015 was compliance with ESOS Phase 1. However, according to data released by the Environment Agency, only 20% of UK certificates were issued in connection with ESOS compliance.

Figure 1: Number of ISO 50001 Certifications in the UK (2011-2015).

So why are so many companies in the U.K. continuing to implementing ISO 50001?

Is ISO 50001 Right for your Organisation?

Carbon Credentials has extensive experience in implementing ISO 50001, first helping its clients to implement the system and achieve certification in time for the ESOS Phase 1 deadline of December 2015.

Since then, we have been working with a diverse range of organisations through our ISO 50001 Gap Analysis to explore the opportunity around ISO 50001 and help them determine whether it is the right approach to improving energy performance and achieving compliance.

Our Gap Analysis follows a 6-stage process that aims to:

  • Assess the costs, benefits and feasibility of achieving ISO 50001 certification
  • Confirm the gap between the organisation’s current energy management system and the requirements for ISO 50001 certification
  • Engage with individuals throughout the organisation key to the success of ISO 50001
  • Identify actions and resources necessary to achieve ISO 50001 certification and develop an action plan
  • Maximise the benefits from implementing the management system, ensuring it meets the overall objectives of your organisation

If you are considering whether ISO 50001 is right for your organisation, or have already decided to implement the system, then a Gap Analysis could be the first step to achieving your objective.

Click here to contact our team and discuss the opportunities ISO 50001 presents for your organisation.

Oliver Smallman, Senior Environmental Auditor.

CRC electricity emissions factor falls by 15%

[Update May 2018] Download our CRC Reporting Guide:2018 Edition

[Update April 2018] Check out our latest blog on the CRC electricity emissions factor forecast to fall by 15% 

On Tuesday morning the 2017-18 CRC emissions factors were announced to all participants in an update email sent from the Environment Agency. These emission factors are used by CRC participants to convert energy consumed into tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2). All CRC participants use these figures to then calculate the amount of tax owed to the government depending on the amount of emissions in CO2 they produced in that year.

The new emission factors to be used in Phase II Year 4, along with the percentage change year-on-year, can be seen in the table below:

YEAR CRC 2016-17 CRC 2017-18 % CHANGE
Electricity Onsite generated and self-supplied 0.409570 0.348850 -14.8%
Grid 0.446620 0.381460 -14.6%
Natural gas 0.183645 0.183810 +0.1%

Table 1 Emission factors can be found here:

How does this compare to what was expected?

In April, Carbon Credentials estimated the CRC grid electricity emission factor to be used in CRC forecasting by using data published by BEIS on fuel used in electricity generation and supply for Q1-Q3. The estimated figure we predicted is just 2.8% out from the emission factor published by the government.


(Estimated by Carbon Credentials, April 2017)

ACTUAL CRC 2017-18

(Published June 2017)

0.371 0.381460 2.8%

Table 2 CRC grid electricity emission factor for 2017-18 compared to Carbon Credentials’ predicted emission factor.

Carbon Credentials’ estimated figure is only 2.8% different from the final electricity emission factor published by the government.

How has the UK’s fuel mixed changed?

The most striking change in the 2017-18 figures versus the previous year is the 15% decrease in the electricity emission factors. This exciting news can be attributed to three main factors:

  • Coal’s share of electricity generation decreased from 15.9 per cent to 11.3 per cent from April 2016 to March 2017
  • Renewables’ share of generation increased from 25.6 per cent in Q1 2016 to 26.6 per cent Q1 2017
  • Low carbon electricity (renewables plus nuclear) generation share increased from 44.4 per cent to 45.6 per cent in the year until March 2017

Figure 1 UK electricity generated by fuel type from 01/01/2014 to 31/03/2017 as published by BEIS in June 2017.

From 2015-16 to 2016-17 we saw an 11% decrease in the electricity emission factor, mainly due to the closure of coal power stations, and this year Britain celebrated its first coal-free day on the 21st April[1]. The decrease in coal use is demonstrating a significant positive impact on our emissions intensity. Not only that, renewable energy production continues to break records each year. On Christmas day 2016, over 40% of electricity generated came from clean sources, which was the highest percentage ever[2].

In contrast, the UK government lacks policies that may be needed to continue this positive trend at its current rate. Ernest & Young rated the UK as the fourth most attractive market for renewable investment in 2013, but since then its position has dropped to 10th place in the latest assessment, after major knocks to subsidies[3]. In addition, EY cite the lack of clarity surrounding Britain’s position on renewables after Brexit as a major hindrance to investment[4].


Figure 2 UK electricity emissions intensity

Despite policy setbacks at the government level, the graph above shows that our electricity emissions intensity has continued to decrease for the past four years. With these decreases, we hope that the UK continues its work towards hitting its 2050 target to reduce emissions by 80%, keeping emissions at a level sufficient to avoid the most dangerous effects of climate change.

Emma Watson, Consultant


[1] The Guardian, British power generation achieves first ever coal-free day,

[2] The Guardian, Christmas Day 2016 sets new UK record for renewable energy use,

[3] The Telegraph, Energy investors ‘underwhelmed’ by UK renewables market,

[4] Ernst & Young, Renewable energy country attractiveness index, May 2017

How can the CDP help shape the future of organisational environmental legislation, post-Brexit?

Last month, the Grantham Institute at the London School of Economics published the 2017 update to its annual Global Climate Legislation Study [i]. One of our Senior Consultants, Scarlett Benson, highlighted in April that the apparent drop in the number of legislative and executive actions being published somewhat demonstrates a slowing down of environmental political momentum [ii]In a time of considerable uncertainty, we look at how voluntary disclosure schemes such as the CDP can provide stability for organisations and help shape environmental policies post-Brexit.

In a report written in February by Caroline Lucas, Co-Leader of the Green Party [iii], a spotlight was shone on a situation where more than 1100 EU environmental laws will need to be transposed into UK law after Brexit, many of which are yet to be identified by the Government. How Whitehall will fund, maintain and improve existing legislative coverage remains unclear. No detailed plans were written into the manifestos of the large parties during the General Election and the Government remains very quiet ahead of Brexit negotiations starting in Brussels this week.

The information generated by the CDP is increasingly being used by organisations, investors and governments alike to evaluate climate risk and improve future resilience. This is already helping organisations to remain competitive as the UK transitions to a post-EU legislative framework. Disclosure reveals the awareness of organisations to the benefits of integrating sustainability as a core c-suite issue.

The CDP Climate Change Questionnaire on Risk Management

Companies reporting to the CDP have to answer a number of questions relating to the identification, evaluation, and prioritisation of climate change risks and opportunities facing their businesses. The graph below shows that 88% of companies are integrating climate change risk management into their multi-disciplinary management processes and 5% have a dedicated process in place. Of the organisations, 7% have no means of managing these risks at all, which leaves them exposed to a plethora of threats, including:

  1. Financial risks as a result of market weakening, consumer changes or poor investments;
  2. Physical risks from environmental change and resource scarcity; and
  3. Reputational damage.

Question CC2.1: ” Please select the option that best describes your risk management procedures with regard to climate change risks and opportunities”


This second graph shows the types of regulatory risks identified by UK CDP responders. This graph and the detailed CDP responses it relates to reveals a lot about what drives organisations from a legislative perspective and offers insight into what types of policy, hard or soft, they are most impacted by. Primarily, this is risk associated with policies that influence the bottom line and profit margin i.e. carbon taxes and fuel taxes and regulation. These hard policies have been shown to have had a real impact in driving down energy consumption and emission releases, for example the UK CRC Scheme affects more than 2000 organisations and has led to a decrease in 15.1 MtCO2e (-27%) as published in the Environment Agency’s annual CRC report.

Question CC5.1a C1: “Please describe your inherent risks that are driven by changes in regulation”


With every risk there is an opportunity

Significant opportunities can also be gained from regulation, often where organisations are better suited or more able than their competitors to meet the regulatory requirements. For example, organisations well prepared to deal with the requirements of Phase 1 of the UK Energy Savings Opportunities Scheme (ESOS) were better positioned to realise considerable energy savings. For most organisations disclosing under the CDP, many of the top risks also represent top opportunities:

Question CC6.1a C1: “Please describe your inherent opportunities that are driven by changes in regulation”

So what does this mean for organisations in a post-Brexit world? The CDP provides a framework through which organisations can measure the size of their environmental impacts and commit to continual management and improvement. During times of uncertainty or changes to legislation, it can be deemed more important than ever that organisations disclose to voluntary reporting frameworks or within their annual reports on sustainability performance. Disclosure can improve resilience and promote strategic long-term planning that is investor-led. Operations can often be aligned to provide the best return on investment for invested capital based on the needs and wants of investors.

What is the CDP?

The CDP is an organisation that works with shareholders and corporations to disclose greenhouse gas emissions through an annual questionnaire across five programmes: Cities, Climate Change, Forestry, Supply Chain and Water. More than 5,600 organisations disclose to the CDP and combined, they control more than $100 trillion in assets worldwide. Disclosure to the CDP is conducted through 4 performance levels, which demonstrates the organisation’s progression towards environmental stewardship: Disclosure, Awareness, Management and Leadership.

The deadline for the 2017 CDP response is the 29th June.

CDP is changing their disclosure requirements! The CDP Consultation on an evolution of the CDP questionnaires has just closed and the new and updated questionnaire will be launched in time for the 2018 disclosure.

How can Carbon Credentials help?

Carbon Credentials has helped a range of clients from varying sectors to drive best practice within their organisations. In 2016, we helped 9% of the FTSE 350, including the winner of the “most improved CDP response” award, 3i Group. We also perform a range of strategy consultancy services that can help you get the most from your existing policies by helping you embed them into the way you do business.


Oliver Robinson






CRC Annual Report Publication for 2014/15 and 2015/16 – News

After some delay, the Environment Agency yesterday published the CRC Annual Report Publication spreadsheet for Phase 2 Year 1 (2014/15) and Phase 2 Year 2 (2015/16). This Annual Report Publication spreadsheet has been shared with CRC Participants.

In this blog, Carbon Credentials present a high-level overview of the trends and what information Participants can glean from the Annual Report Publication.

The Annual Report Publication is a public disclosure of each Participant’s reported CRC emissions, providing a robust dataset for comparative purposes. Further information is also shared, including reported self-supplied renewable generation and whether a number of optional disclosures on carbon management were made.

The 2015/16 Publication has been delayed by a couple of months, whereas the 2014/15 Publication has been delayed by over a year; the reasons for this are unknown.

The overall headline is that total reported energy consumption decreased by 3.2% between 2014/15 and 2015/16 to 107,053,694 MWh. Interestingly; the 3.2% reduction in consumption was coupled with a proportionately larger 9.7% reduction in emissions.

This proportionately larger reductions in emissions is because the emission factors, which are used to convert consumption (kWh) into emissions (tCO2), were lower in 2015/16 which is a reflection of the cleaner UK primary energy mix used to generate electricity. DECC reported in February 2016 that low-carbon generation accounted for 43% of total electricity generation in 2015, compared to 36% in 2014.

The graph below represents the reduction across CRC participants by sector:


In conclusion, the cleaner UK primary energy mix is enhancing the environmental benefit of the emissions reductions associated with improvements in energy performance. Assuming that this trend continues, organisations across the UK have an opportunity to capitalise on this in 2017 and beyond as we move collectively towards the UK Government’s 2050 Carbon Plan Target.

We help some of the UK’s largest consuming CRC participants to manage energy and carbon risks. To find out more about our compliance services please contact our team.

Written by Inge Hertzog and James Hawkins.

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