2019: the Breakthrough Year for Smart Buildings

Insights from our Smarter Energy Performance Event 2018

We hosted a live event last year at the historic One Great George Street to discuss the benefits of Smart Buildings for your whole portfolio and the people who work there. We had 3 great speakers including Tim Hutchen, Director – Property & Asset Management at JLL, Miles Dunnett, Director, Portfolio Management at Grosvenor Europe, Alistair Johnson, General Manager at Clifford Chance’s Canary Wharf Office and our own Cian Duggan, Chief Innovation Officer for Carbon Credentials.

“The future is here today,” declared Miles Dunnett, our first speaker for the day and Fund Manager for retail destination Liverpool One. Liverpool One is one of the almost 100 buildings that Carbon Credentials has analysed with our Collaborative Asset Performance Programme (CAPP). However the future Miles was speaking about is more broad than energy performance, and more about the range of opportunities for smarter buildings to improve performance.

Smart technology is here today

The technology which drives smarter buildings is ready to be deployed. In 2018 Carbon Credentials was able to quickly retrofit smart building technology to dozens of buildings, providing additional analysis that can improve energy performance or occupant comfort. Carbon Credentials’ “Smart Building Gateway” is now driving insight out of a number of different buildings, making them more energy efficient, reducing the cost of maintenance and improving occupant comfort.

Smarts is about insight, not data

“A key issue is not lack of data but how to use that data,” Alistair Johnson. At Carbon Credentials, we’ve seen a lot of examples of smart meters, sensors or other data programmes being installed without a clear understanding of how that will result in insight or improved performance.

This has led to an understandable and healthy scepticism about how data can drive performance. We need to make sure the smarts deliver results, and that is rarely a data issue, but more about helping people make decisions which lead to more actions to make improvements.

Tim Hutchen, a Director in JLL’s Property and Asset Management team, spoke about how Carbon Credentials’ Collaborative Asset Performance Programme (CAPP) was able to improve energy efficiency at a number of sites which JLL operate. Tim’s experience was similar to Alistair’s as they each were clear about how data and insight can be leveraged to drive human behaviour. Without that specific outcome, the data doesn’t have value, the smarts are dumb.

Measuring Success

An often overlooked aspect of the smart building opportunity is the ability to track and measure success, making it easier to report more specific improvements. The more detail and granular insight, the more that success can be specifically attributed to specific actions or projects.

“I was probably the sceptic in the room at the beginning,” admits Alistair. However, evidence of savings and the benefits of projects helped him understand that the data and insight that smart buildings provide is worth investing in.

2019 the year to make buildings smarter

If the audience and round tables at our event are anything to go by, then we can confidently say that there is an interest and appetite to develop smarter buildings. However, as the speakers confirmed, smartness is about improving the quality of insight to deliver more specific action, and measure the success of the outcome. Pragmatic smart building programmes will result in specific actions and outcomes designed into the process from the outset, with a clear understanding of how smarts result in success.

In 2019, we expect to see a lot more interest in smart buildings. Now that the technology is well established and works well, and the services deliver real and viable outcomes, 2019 looks to be the year smart buildings go mainstream.

Watch our Smart Buildings Video to gain deeper insight into the benefits of smart buildings.

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If you have any queries about anything we’ve shared here please do not hesitate to get in touch with our team at

12 Blogs of Christmas – Looking back at 2018

2018 was an critical year in the world of sustainability and as reported by the IPCC report it is clear that time is running out for our planet to mitigate the impact of climate change. However as the 2018 WWF points out, climate change is our greatest challenge but also our greatest opportunity.

We looked back over the year of Carbon Credentials content to give you the 12 Blogs of Christmas, which we’ve complied here for your enjoyment and to give insight into the many ways that your company can help enable a low carbon economy. 

Click on the titles below to be taken to the blog post.

Contact Us:

If you have any queries about anything we’ve shared here please do not hesitate to get in touch with our team at

Seven ways to reduce emissions in your supply chain – demystifying Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions

In most cases, over 60% of a company’s emissions lies outside its own operation, in the supply chain. New guidance released by the Science-Based Targets initiative aims to help demystify Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions, supporting companies to make material emission reductions.

What are Scope 3 emissions and why are they important?

To help avoid the worst impacts of climate change, companies must reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as much and as quickly as possible. This includes emissions from across the value chain (i.e. scope 3) emissions.

Scope 3 emissions often represent the largest portion of companies’ GHG inventories but due to challenges around data quality and degree of control, it can be difficult to know how to make meaningful Scope 3 emission reductions.

Despite the challenges, addressing Scope 3 emissions can lead to substantial business benefits. For example, companies can mitigate climate-related risks within their value chains, unlock new innovations and collaborations, and respond to mounting pressure from investors, customers and society.

How do you calculate Scope 3 emissions?

Calculating Scope 3 emissions can be complicated. The first step is to conduct a Scope 3 gap analysis or screening, to understand what is relevant and determine the materiality of each emission source. The GHG Protocol Scope 3 Standard outlines the components of a company’s value chain (upstream in the supply chain and downstream) that make up a Scope 3 footprint.

Did you know?

The Science-Based Target Initiative (SBTi) requires companies submitting targets to undertake a Scope 3 screening. If Scope 3 emissions make up over 40% of total Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions then at least 66% of Scope 3 emissions must be included in the target.  Read a blog by our technical lead on science-based targets to understand more.

7 ways to reduce Scope 3 emissions

Once you’ve conducted a screening and have a good understanding of emission hotspots in your value chain the next step is to build a strategy to reduce Scope 3 emissions. This can be difficult due to the global scale and complexity of corporate supply chains. Recent guidance by the SBTi highlights some key levers companies can use to tackle Scope 3 emissions.


Scope 3 management is not easy, but new technologies such as data analytics, smart sensors, and blockchain will help by offering powerful insight into complex, global value chains. These technologies will play a key role in business innovation and offer exciting opportunities to improve a company’s environmental footprint, but also its bottom line.

Demonstrating the impact of Scope 3 management?

Complexities around data availability can make it difficult to show the positive impact of Scope 3 reduction strategies. A new standard is under development which aims to help companies account for emissions ‘interventions’ (i.e.  programmes and decisions that reduce emissions in key areas of their supply chain) and include them in reporting in a credible way.  The approach is to be used in conjunction with the accounting methodology provided in the GHG Protocol Scope 3 Standard.

We will keep you updated on the guidance as it develops.

What next?

Whether you’re are the start of your Scope 3 journey or looking to build a strategy to monitor and reduce key Scope 3 emission sources – we can help. Please get in touch at:

UPCOMING BLOG: Scope 3 biogenic carbon and ‘Net Emissions Change’ – requirements for science-based targets

CDP timelines for 2018 and 2019 released!

 CDP has released details of the 2018 scores and a 2019 timeline. 2018 scores will be available on the 22nd January, public responses are now available on the CDP website.

The CDP key dates for 2018/19 are below

2019 will be a consolidation year

Looking forward CDP has indicated there will be no significant changes to the questionnaire in 2019 and most questions will remain the same. This provides an excellent opportunity for companies to consolidate their disclosures for Climate Change, Water and Forests and utilise CDP to respond to investor requests for information.

As a Silver Climate Change Consultancy Partner, and the first UK Science-based targets partner, Carbon Credentials is well-versed in supporting companies with their responses. In 2017 we supported 1 in 6 companies who achieved a Leadership score in the UK.

Conducting an initial gap analysis of your 20  18 disclosure against the 2019 questionnaire is an easy way to understand where to focus efforts.

Carbon Credentials can provide expert support to your organisation on how to improve CDP performance and investor confidence.

Contact the team to learn more about improving your CDP score.

Hermes, JLL, and Carbon Credentials collaborate to bring RESET Shell and Core to Europe on Regent St

33 Glasshouse St, the office space above 100 Regent Street, has become the first Certified RESET™ Air – Core & Shell project in Europe and the third in the world. The project is a collaboration with Hermes Investment Management, JLL, and Carbon Credentials, to certify the ongoing indoor air quality to an international standard.


33 Glasshouse St consists of office space above 100 Regent Street, on the north side of John Nash’s iconic curve, just north of Piccadilly Circus. The buildings underwent a major refurbishment in 2015-16 redeveloping the entire office core, including new central plant. The offices notably sit above an area of continuous high traffic density in a zone which is often perceived as having an elevated level of local pollution. This made the site an ideal location to pilot RESET as an engagement tool with building occupiers.

How it works

RESET™ Air – Core & Shell tracks and communicates the health performance of buildings using real-time data monitoring. This helps owners attract better tenants, maintain asset value, and reduce the potential liability associated with underperforming buildings.

“This certification demonstrates Hermes’ holistic approach to active property management where the ongoing monitoring ensures a quality environment for our occupiers. We are proud to lead the market in being the first in Europe to be able to use this certification to demonstrate our commitment to wellbeing.”

Chris Taylor, Head of Private Markets, Hermes Investment Management

RESET ensures that the air provided by the central plant to occupiers of the site meets high performance standards. It does this by monitoring and reporting levels of particulate matter (PM2.5), carbon dioxide (CO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the outdoor air and comparing these to the supply air from the central plant, ensuring they are at a sufficient level as to not affect human health and wellbeing or potentially productivity.

 Chart: Particulates data from the November RESET Data Audit report. Sitting above Regent Street particulates were an area of interest when the project was first undertaken.

Sitting above Regent Street, particulates were an area of interest when the project was first undertaken.

To maintain RESET Air Core and Shell, the air is actively monitored with samples taken every 15 minutes. This data is analysed by Carbon Credentials’ ADAPt data platform with alarms sent if any issues are detected so that facilities managers can respond quickly.

RESET offers us is the ability not just to demonstrate that we are undertaking air quality monitoring, but to benchmark the quality level it is sustained at. While much of the market may audit air quality, far fewer will be able to show compliance with benchmarks. This is a really exciting initiative and we are delighted to have achieved this.”

Tim Hutchen, Director – Property & Asset Management, JLL

What RESET means for Hermes Investment Management

RESET Air Core and Shell works in conjunction with Carbon Credentials’ Collaborative Asset Performance Programme (CAPP) where settings and controls in the Building Management System (BMS) are actively monitored, making this landmark office space one of the smartest buildings in London.

RESET certification has been prescribed as Best Practice in Hermes Investment Management’s “Development and Refurbishment Sustainability requirements” since 2016. It is a part of a wider programme of innovative but practical health and wellbeing collaborations within the portfolio, including a programme with JLL and Carbon Credentials using wellbeing programmes to increase occupier engagement at four other multi-tenanted sites.

“Indoor Air Quality is a complicated issue in buildings and it can be challenging to provide excellent conditions for occupants. RESET provides active monitoring of the performance of indoor air quality and verifying to best practice, making sure that tenant areas are healthy spaces. In commissioning the first RESET Air Core and Shell project in Europe, Hermes Investment Management continues to demonstrate pragmatic leadership in sustainability in commercial real estate. We are proud to be able to support this project and collaborate with JLL to achieve this standard.”

Paul Lewis, CEO, Carbon Credentials

With an increasing focus on healthier work environments, RESET provides a certification which is operational and demonstrates quality management in buildings using real-time data on an ongoing basis. For this reason, Carbon Credentials has invested in becoming RESET Cloud compliant with the ability to deliver the sensor and communications hardware, performance analytics, public dashboards and engagement services to make indoor air quality and wellbeing a successful part of our data enabled building performance programmes.

For more information about how we can provide wellbeing services including active indoor air quality monitoring in line with the RESET standard with a route to certification, please contact

For more information about the reset standard, please see the RESET website:

New Reports on Climate Impacts: RE100 and the business case for making change

November has been a busy month for climate reports. From the Fourth National Climate Assessment to The Met Office releasing their 2018 Climate Projections  with heavy emphasis on the impacts of climate change on our health and economy.

It is inspiring to see that companies are making strides to reduce emissions in order to accelerate the transition to a zero-carbon future. In a report released this month by The Climate Group, the progress of the RE100 campaign’s 155 global member companies is documented. Collectively, these companies are creating demand for 188 TWh of renewable power per year – equivalent to the 23rd largest country electricity consumption in the world.

What is RE100?

RE100 is led by The Climate Group in partnership with CDP and brings together influential businesses committed to 100% renewable power. The RE100 commitment is for a company to use 100% renewable energy across its global electricity supply. RE100 members believe that sourcing 100% renewables future-proofs their business operations and lowers risk. By joining RE100, companies are sending a strong signal to policy makers and regulators that easy access to renewable energy is a competitive advantage in a globalized economy.

Why commit to RE100?

There are many reasons why committing to RE100 can benefit your business. Committing to RE100 will allow your business to:

  • Meet your emission reduction goals
  • Reduce your exposure to energy price volatility
  • Enhance your reputation by demonstrating leadership
  • Benefit from the correlation between RE100 committed companies and achieving above average financial performance

A Capgemini report found RE100 members consistently perform better than their peers on two key financial performance indicators: net profit margin and EBIT margin (Earnings Before Interests and Taxes). The difference is significant, ranging from 0.3 to 7.7 percentage points (excluding outliers).

The benefits of the campaign expand beyond individual companies. Bloomberg estimates that leading businesses are providing a new source of finance to drive demand for renewable energy around the world. To reach their 100% goals, approximately $94Billlion in renewable energy investments will be required, adding up to 100 gigawatts of wind and solar energy to the grid.

This fourth edition of the RE100 annual report shows the increased use of renewable energy, and expansion of the campaign in global market.  According to the report, the average target year for RE100 members to become 100% renewable is 2026, and more than 3/4 companies aim to get there by 2030. Nearly a quarter of the total membership (37 of 155 companies) sourced over 95% of their electricity from renewables in 2017, and almost half of the 155 RE100 members achieved above 50% of energy form renewable sources. This means that RE100 members are far ahead of the global average of 26.5% and ahead of leading countries such as Spain (33.7%) or the UK (26%).

Who is committed?

Globally RE100 has 155 members from a variety of sectors. Members include Fortune 100s and household names like Apple, Google, Ikea, Unilever, and ABInBev.

More than 20 companies sourced all their electricity from renewable sources in 2017. Six new companies reached their 100% target including Amalgamated Bank, Capital One, Google, Gurmen Group, Jupiter Asset Management, and Wells Fargo, with Jupiter Asset Management reaching its goal one year ahead of target. Apple also announced having reached its 100% renewable electricity target last year.

For companies committing to ambitious targets, many have set and achieved their interim targets.  Others are seeking support along their journey. Carbon Credentials has worked with a large financial service company supporting them with reporting on their significant economic, environmental and social impacts.  Carbon Credentials also supports The Crown Estate who returns 100% of its annual profits to the Treasury for the benefit of the public finances. It has a target to source 100% renewable electricity by 2022. In their own words:

“Over the past six years The Crown Estate has depended on Carbon Credentials for the reliability of its environmental data. Carbon Credentials’ persistence and willingness to investigate and collaborate with all parties concerned has given us improved quality and accuracy of data.”

Jane Baptist, Impact Reporting Lead, The Crown Estate

What can your business do next?

Businesses are in a powerful position to play a meaningful role in mitigating climate change and we can see that the actions of the private sector and RE100 are very positive harbingers of changes underway.  There are several sourcing options available for companies to begin the RE100 journey including:

  1. Contracting with suppliers (green electricity products)
  2. Buying unbundled energy attribute certificate purchases
  3. Purchasing from on-site installations owned by a supplier
  4. Purchasing from an off-site generator through a direct line and with no grid transfers
  5. Onsite generation where possible.

What can you do now?

Further information is available in the RE100 Technical Criteria and if you are interested in learning more about RE100 and building your own roadmap for emissions reduction, please reach out to Johanna Goetzel, Senior Strategy Consultant,

Environmental Best Practice Award with BNP Paribas Real Estate at the 2018 Green Apple Awards

The Green Apple Awards began in 1994 and have become established as the country’s major recognition for environmental endeavour across individuals, companies, councils and communities.

We are pleased to announce that Carbon Credentials won the Bronze award for Environmental Best Practice with our project, Pilot Performance, in conjunction with BNP Paribas Real Estate. 


Our nomination was for our Collaborative Asset Performance Programme (CAPP) at 100 Wood House and Almack Street, which are both managed by BNP Paribas Real Estate.  Two members of our team, Senior Consultant Energy Engineer Andy Mazzucchelli and Consultant Oliver Light spearheaded the nomination application and our entry competed against more than 800 other nominations in the Green Apple Awards for this category and were presented with our trophy and certificate at a ceremony hosted by Liz Kendall MP at the Houses of Parliament on November 12th, 2018.

Project Background:

The aim of the Pilot Performance Project was to develop a programmatic approach to checking the health of the buildings and optimising their energy and carbon performance. Innovate UK  research found that on ‘average building emissions are 3.8 times higher than design estimate’, a difference known as the Performance Gap.

This process identifies opportunity that typical building management will not be able to identity through existing infrastructure. The implementation of the savings is driven through successful collaboration with the site team, tenants and contractors.

For the pilot BNP Paribas Real Estate identified two sites with older infrastructure, 100 Wood Street and Almack House, and potential to achieve significant energy savings through performance improvements. The CAPP was deployed in November 2017 to reduce energy use, costs and carbon emissions.

Initial identified savings were in excess of £150,000, representing an approximate 20% decrease in gas and electricity usage at the two properties.

The CO2e savings across both buildings is equivalent to emissions from 55 UK households.
To date our rigorous measurement and verification (M&V) process can quantify that over £60,000 has already been achieved.

How Carbon Credentials helped:

  • Improved visibility and control of buildings.
  • Reduced maintenance costs.
  • Improved building comfort – reduced extreme temperatures
  • Engaged with the tenants at Almack house and brought them up to speed with the programme.

The judges commented:  “In a program of improving CHP plant control and contractor awareness, Carbon Credentials have worked with BNP Paribas Real Estate on two sites to try to reduce energy use. The 3 year project has already paid for itself in the first twelve months – achieving savings of over £150,000 and almost 700 tons of CO2.”

We are extremely proud of our partnership with BNP Paribas Real Estate and excited to see what future energy and cost savings will be achieved in the years to come.

How CAPP works:

Carbon Credentials will work in collaboration with site teams including, operations, facilities management and BMS maintenance providers to ensure that goals are achieved and savings are sustainable.

Programme success depends on both the optimisation of technology and the engagement of people, which is why regular engagement is a core part of the process, as detailed below.

Contact us

If you would like to understand more about the Collaborative Asset Performance Programme (CAPP), download our Guide to Bridging the Energy Performance Gap or contact our performance team

Energy Savings for Christmas

Let’s face it, office energy consumption isn’t the first thing on your mind over the Christmas break. But with a few easy checks, energy savings can be a gift that keeps on giving!

As we wind down our busy year and leave the office to spend time with family, it’s worth stopping to consider that our unoccupied workplaces may still end up using nearly as much energy as when they’re fully occupied.

Here are some simple, easy checks to ensure your office energy bill gets a well-deserved break over the holidays:

  • BMS holiday mode should be used to hold off central plant and set back schedules and set points. Note that AHU frost protection should still be enabled. Your BMS contractor should be able to assist with this as well as ensure that the BMS has been configured correctly for the holiday period which may include reduced schedules.
  • Whilst you are ensuring that holiday mode is set up, it’s worth reviewing timeclock settings to ensure they still suit current occupancy schedules, and verifying that automatic conversion to daylight savings time has occurred.
  • If optimisers are present, ensure they are set to achieve required temperatures at the beginning of the occupancy period (not earlier).
  • Half-hourly consumption data can provide great insight into a building’s daily load profile. Review the daily profile for any early starts, late stops, or night/weekend load spikes that may indicate unnecessary operation.
  • A quick walk-through to switch off or unplug equipment can be a great way to cut unnecessary load during unoccupied periods. This includes monitors, photocopiers, Christmas lights, task lights, kitchen appliances, power bars, space heaters, AC units… the list goes on! For example, Carbon Credentials has been able to cut our baseload by 63% using this simple walk-through.
  • Take the weight off your shoulders by getting the whole team involved in the walk-through.

This exercise shouldn’t take long and will leave you knowing your building is ready to deliver energy savings over the holiday period and beyond.

Contact us

If you have any queries about how to maximise energy savings in your building please contact a member of our team

Pukka Herbs becomes UK’s smallest firm to secure 1.5C Science-Based Target

Carbon Credentials is thrilled to share that our client Pukka Herbs has become the first UK company of its size, and only the 13th in the UK, to have its emission targets validated by the Science-Based Targets initiative (SBTi).

A greenhouse gas emissions target can be considered ‘science-based’ if the emissions reductions it requires are in line with keeping the global temperature increase below 2°C compared to pre-industrial temperatures.

Pukka has committed to ambitious climate targets in line with IPCC recommendations to limit warming to 1.5C. Aiming to be zero carbon by 2030 they join multi-national brands such as Tesco, who we also helped set their SBT and were the 1st UK company set targets in line with 1.5C, Marks and Spencer, and Coca Cola European Partners, showing that it’s not just large companies that can commit to these ambitious targets.

What does setting science-based targets mean for Pukka?

Pukka’s aim has always been to minimise the impact of climate change and protect our people, plants and planet. Pukka has worked with Carbon Credentials to become the first UK company of its size to achieve sign off for its science-based targets and become zero carbon in its buildings and vehicles by 2030.

As 90% of Pukka’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are outside of its control, Pukka needs to address emissions from “crop to cup” across its complex tea supply as well. To do this, Pukka has also committed to reducing Scope 3 emissions in its value chain by 50% by 2050 from a 2017 baseline.

What does Pukka say about this achievement?

Sebastian Pole, co-founder of Pukka Herbs, spoke exclusively to Business Green on its SBTi validation: “We knew we wanted to set a science-based target back in November 2015 ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, COP 21 so we were committing to reductions in line with what climate scientists are telling us needs to happen. Not just what we think is achievable as a business.”

“As the recent IPCC report tells us, there is now a small window of opportunity. Keeping temperature rises to within 1.5 degrees is, quite literally for many, the only way to live. This demands serious commitment and bold action from everyone, no matter what size their business. It is no use waiting for governments to take action, businesses have a responsibility to act as a force for good and now.”

How will Pukka achieve its targets?

As Sebastian Pole understands it, the difficult work doesn’t stop after approval, he told Business Green that “For me it’s a bit like we want to get fit. I’ve bought my shoes and I want to get fit, but I’m not. So training for the first few days is a real nightmare, but I will get will get fit. And that’s what it feels like – we have decided we want SBTs, it’s been really hard working them out and doing it, but we will get there.”


With the help of Carbon Credentials, Pukka has mapped out its carbon footprint, breaking down total emissions from ‘crop to cup’. Pukka will achieve its science-based targets through actions ranging from engaging with suppliers to tackling the emissions caused from boiling kettles – which have the greatest impact (49%) in Pukka’s value chain. Its ‘Smart Boiling’ campaign will encourage people to adopt some simple practices to make a ‘Pukka cuppa’.

A quarter of Pukka’s carbon footprint is in the growing of its herbs and making its packaging. To address these emissions, Pukka has:

  •  Inspired other companies in its supply chain to switch to renewable energy.
  •  Employed organic farming methods that reduce emissions and store more carbon in soils.
  • Begun working with its most important herb growers to encourage low carbon farming techniques such as agroforestry which helps to reduce carbon emissions, and help lock more water into the soil which is important in times of future drought.
  • Run pilot carbon reduction projects in collaboration with suppliers and the communities growing its specific herbs.

What does Carbon Credentials say about this achievement?

Our CEO Paul Lewis speaks on behalf of Carbon Credentials –
“We’re incredibly proud of the work with Pukka to develop such an ambitious target that meets the stringent requirements of the SBTi.  Our team helped to build buy-in to the process by demonstrating a clear business case for setting SBTSs, understood analysis to help Pukka understand its carbon hot spots, and developed creative solutions to decouple emissions from growth.”

“We’ve been impressed by the dedication they’ve shown, and I hope this new commitment gives others the courage to follow in their footsteps. Carbon Credentials is focused on measurable impact, so we look forward to working in partnership with Pukka as they transition to a zero-carbon business.”

Contact us

Interested in setting your own SBT? Download our helpful guide!

Or contact our team to learn how!

The Decline of Wildlife: Our greatest challenge and opportunity

In October 2018 the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) released a report that shocked the nation; the ‘Living Planet Report’.

Since the release of the first edition in 1998, 59 scientists from Zoological Society of London (ZSL), WWF, and other organisations around the world have been monitoring the changes in the populations of thousands of animal species around the world. The report announced a 60% decrease of the size of wildlife populations had taken place globally between 1970 to 2014, and that in the last 50 years wildlife populations have halved. To give an indication of what this population decrease would look like on a human scale would be equivalent to removing the populations of North and South America, Africa, Europe, China and Oceania.

Why is it worth protecting?

Our livelihood and the livelihood of future generations are dependent on wildlife, ecosystems and biodiversity. Modern society is built on nature, it underpins our life-support system from our health and food to our businesses and economic activity. The services delivered by nature are estimated to be worth around 125 Trillion US dollars a year.

What are the human impacts on wildlife, nature and biodiversity?

As a species, humans have made the greatest impact on our planet than any other species due to the rapid increase in human consumption and the consequential rise in demand for energy, land and water. Below is a few examples:

Global Warming: The release of Greenhouse gases (GHGs) most notably carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is causing an accelerated increase in the planet’s temperature. This is proven to have drastic and dramatic consequences on our habitats and ecosystems. Scientists have highlighted the urgency to keep warming to below 2o as outlined in The Paris Agreement and more recently in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s special report (IPCC SR15), stressing the need to limit warming to 1.5o.

Pollution: Since Sir David Attenborough’s Blue Planet II, the terrifying reality of our plastic pollution hit home. 12 million tonnes of plastic ends up in the sea each year damaging wildlife. Plastic pollution has been detected in all major marine environments worldwide, from shorelines and surface waters to down at the deepest parts of the ocean, including the bottom of the Mariana Trench.

Land Use and Degradation: The production of food and energy from terrestrial ecosystems is having a significant negative impact on biodiversity through agricultural intensification, deforestation and excessive use of pesticides and fertilisers.

Impact of Supply Chains: The products we consume can be traced back through the supply chain to have a substantial impact on the natural environment through extraction and manufacturing processes.

Greatest challenge but also our greatest opportunity

Now we have a clear picture of the value and importance of nature and our impact on it, we have the opportunity to make a difference. It will take the right political, financial and consumer choices at every level, from individuals to communities, companies and countries. It is evident that we need to act now, but what is currently being done and what can we focus on?

Clean energy and renewables: Clean growth is at the heart of economy and this year the government held the UKs first ever Green GB week promoting the use of clean energy and renewables. 154 RE100 companies have made a commitment to go 100% renewable. Find out how we have helped support The University of Winchester.

Raising awareness: By running campaigns and events you can help to reduce human impact on the environment. Advocate to stop fossil fuel emissions by 2050, end plastic pollution and support local wildlife by calling on MPs to protect UK nature.

Report your emissions: To fight climate change, we need to reduce the GHG’s we emit into the atmosphere and the waste we dispose of. As a first step businesses should monitor and report on these metrics in order to define targets and implement a strategy. Find out how we support The Crown Estate to manage the collation, aggregation, and analysis of a large set of environmental data streams across its diverse portfolio to provide accurate data for the purpose of compliance, reporting and analysing sustainability performance.

Measure your footprint and set a target: 476 companies have committed to setting a science-based target, a target in line with reducing warming to well below 2 degrees. In May 2017, we helped Tesco to set an ambitious target in line with 1.5 degrees warming.

New Technologies: Emerging technologies such as big data and sophisticated imaging methods are helping to paint a clearer picture of the business supply chain and more and more companies are reporting on their scope 3 emissions. Matching commodities and their supply chains to specific impacts on biodiversity increases transparency and therefore awareness. We help a range of global organisations quantify the emissions across their value chains, identifying priority areas and building strategies to create a positive impact.

Conservation Projects: WWF has more than 3000 projects on the go at any one time. Due to the efforts of these projects tiger numbers are increasing for the first time in over a century, the Irrawaddy dolphin population is rising after decades of decline, and more and more countries in Asia are banning sales of elephant ivory.

What next?

In 2020 panels will be meeting to review progress on the Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Agreement and convention on Biological Diversity.

Get in touch to find out how we can help your organisation reduce its environmental impact and create positive change at